Enda Third World

Enda Third World, it’s partners and the children

Since its establishment in 1972, ENDA Third World, has observed that children are at the centre of people’s concerns and with whom it acts and exchanges. The number of children, their energy, their role, their fate, their present and their future, determines the development of societies of which they are not only those that are concerned, but are increasingly becoming the actors.

In Africa, the population « below 18 years » was the majority in 2000. The efforts deployed in the second half of the 80s in favour of children was in this connection. The vaccinated, rehydrated and fortunately surviving children « baby boom » was not supported by the social service promotional measures; to the contrary, the structural adjustment plans seriously degraded them and especially touching such areas as health, education as well as the habitat.

The 90s that were supposed to be the age for child development , became the period of child stagnation and even regression. The children and their parents had – themselves- to face their situations, the consciousness of their rights developed through the setting up of grassroot social services in education, health, training, but there was also an increase in the power to speak out as encouraged by the development of the democratisation process.

But this democracy is developing in countries where the majority of the populations often live under the poverty line. While working, learning and undergoing training, the African children contribute to the development of the society and to the building of rights. They fill in a new social vacuum by their traditional role of socialisation through participation to the collective effort.

In this way, the African child accomplishes his obligation and attains his right. The notion of the « right of the child » is therefore not synonymous to demands, but rather, to development; while « participation » signifies « effort ».

ENDA’s activities can be found at different levels:

  • Support to grassroot activities undertaken by the populations and by the children themselves in neighbourhoods and villages, together with the authorities. The important part of these activities are planned, implemented and evaluated by these actors with the support and counselling of ENDA, along with its methodological training section.
  • Support with social policies in countries. ENDA contributes to the setting up of the activities programmes, situation diagnosis as well as in planning and implementation. ENDA helps all those mainly concerned, especially its grassroots partners, to participate at all levels and stages of the policies. In 1985, C.H.Kana, the Chairman of the board of directors of ENDA Tiers Monde wrote an article titled: « To Survice and Afterwards » in which he brought into perspective, the issue of child survival with the development of pertinent services to their blooming. He was wondering if this policy could only be limited to an « emergency survival.
  • Involvement at the international dimension aimed at development: from the Porto Allegre social forum to the UNGASS on Children in New York, or to the Sustainable Development conference in Johannesburg. In these different forums, ENDA tries to constitute a task force « by mobilising African energies, children, youth, governments, NGOs, technicians, etc., to strengthen the effectiveness of their presence and the contributions.
    Hence, in its vision of sustainable development, ENDA is not a main actor, but rather, a catalyst of partners aiming at strengthening the social actors especially the grassroots actors and to encourage dialogue and synergy among these and institutional actors. This partnership is a transversal element at different levels of ENDA’s local and national activities in Senegal and in other countries where it is present (Bolivia, Colombia, Mali, Madagascar), regional activities in the vast « Calao network » and international activities with the South-South and South- North alliances.


BP 3370, Dakar Senegal
Tel: 221 33 889 21 13/ 821 74 03
Fax:221 33 823 51 57
Email: [email protected]

Founded in 1985 and in 1989, the team divided its activities into 2 programs operating with the same vision and one management.

• The national programme of Guédiawaye is called « Xaley Ca Kanam » which operates in eight regional towns of Senegal and involves Enda  ACAS (Casamance), plus several NGOs and services of state partners. It is coordinated from the local Enda Guédiawaye office.

• The international program involves 196 towns in 22 countries of West, Central and South Africa and is also present at the international level. It is coordinated from « Rue Carnot » in Dakar, Senegal.

Its objectives
• To support the reinforcement of their organization at the local, national and regional level.
• To facilitate the exchange, training and communication between organizations and institutions to support children in difficult situations of more than 196 towns, in the 22 countries of Africa
• To maintain the international relations in an intercontinental network.
• To support the development of skills available within these networks.


BP 3370, Dakar Senegal
Tel: 221 33 837 42 88
Fax:221 33 823 51 57
Email: [email protected]

The Youth in Action team of Guédiawaye was founded in 1985. It is located in the outskirts of Dakar. It assists children living in difficult conditions.

Its Objectives:

  • To improve their living and working conditions.
  • It assists the associative structures for children and youth on the local and national Plan.
  • To intervene in the Dakar region, where approximately a quarter of the Senegalese population resides
  • It coordinates the activities of the « Xaley Ca Kanam » programme in eight of the ten regional towns of the country: Dakar, Fatick, Kaolack, Louga, Saint Louis, Tambacounda, Thiès and Zinguinchor.

Principal partners

  • the children detached from families
  • working children and youth
  • Koranic school pupils
  • female school drop-outs
  • groups of mothers, and associations of working committees of « neighbourhood development associations ».

It assists them in the area of protection, grassroots education, vocational training and training in complementary skills, organisation, training in methodology, family mediation and reconciliation, information, entertainment and sensitisation.

The team collaborates with:

  • governmental departments within the framework of national and decentralisation programmes
  • international organisations (ILO, UNESCO, UNICEF, PLAN, SAVE etc).
  • local and national NGOs
  • members of the working committee of supporting structures for children living in difficult conditions ( or COSAED) in accompanying children detached from their families.